external image gpautismC.gifAutism

Autism


external image autistic.jpg



Accommodations and Modifications for Students with Autism

Modifying the presentation
  • Use concrete examples of concepts before teaching the abstract.
  • Relate information to the student's experiential base.
  • Reduce the number of concepts presented at one time.
  • Provide consistent review of any lesson before introducing new information.
  • Require verbal responses to indicate comprehension.
  • Provide clear, concise directions and concrete examples for homework assignments.
  • What are some teacher assessments that can be used?

Modifying the environment
  • If necessary, use preferential seating.
  • Help keep student's work area free of unnecessary materials.
  • Use checklists to help the student get organized.
  • Provide opportunities for movement.
  • Create a communication book for the parent
  • Daily comments home to parent and from parent to teacher can help control behavior issues.
  • Provide the student with a transition warning before activities begin.

Discussions
  • Review discussion rules prior to beginning (i.e. raise hand, advise that blurting out answers is unacceptable, making inappropriate comments to other students is unacceptable).
  • Make sure that you have the student’s attention before asking a question.
  • Frame questions such that they are as concrete as possible.
  • Ask questions that can be answered with words or a short phrase.
  • During discussion, use speech literally.
  • It is imperative to avoid the use of idioms, double meanings, sarcasm, and nicknames.
  • Provide student a copy of the discussion questions to show the text in conjunction with the verbal questions.
  • Break lengthy questions into several concrete questions.

Worksheets
  • Verify student understands assignment instructions.
  • Use both oral and written instructions
  • If necessary, provide an assigned work space that minimizes distractions and provides consistency for the student.
  • Provide permanent location for student to place completed work.
  • Establish a daily routine for the student
  • Should include the activities anticipated for the class session
  • Provide the student with worksheets that are uncluttered and give the student ample room for the answers.
  • If necessary highlight or color code spaces for answers.


Strategies for Student Assessment
  • Highlight test directions so that the student will focus on them (can be in bold print).
  • Highlight main ideas in text or lecture notes to help the student study.
  • Provide study guide prior to giving test.
  • Minimize use of essay tests. Short answer tests are preferable to essay tests. .
  • May be necessary to allow student to move from seat in order to maintain self-control.
  • Avoid using timed tests.
  • Encourage accuracy rather than speed.
  • Allow student to take test using alternate methods instead of written (i.e. orally).
Activity:

In the Kindergarten classroom, we would find various pictures of real people showing emotions. Then we would show these pictures to the group of students and have them identify what emotion the person is showing. With autistic children, it is very important to utilize real people to help the students associate with the world. Typical students would also be able to benefit from this activity as they are so young that they are also still learning how to associate emotions with facial expressions.
What Behavioral Therapy Looks Like